On Monday afternoon Asia Pacific markets traded higher as investors digested fresh official data of of China that showed the world’s second-largest economy grew 6.6 percent in 2018 — the slowest pace since 1990.
That number matched analysts’ expectations and was lower than a revised 6.8 percent growth in 2017. Fourth quarter GDP growth was 6.4 percent, which was also in line with expectations.
“I think what we’re seeing actually in the fourth quarter is that while the economy is decelerating, we actually still have some of the supports,” Helen Zhu, head of China equities at Blackrock, told CNBC’s “Street Signs” on Monday. “For example, for most of the quarter, from the export front loading impact that we had probably before the Argentina G-20 (summit) when people’s expectations regarding trade became a little bit more optimistic.”
Chinese President Xi Jinping and U.S. President Donald Trump agreed to a 90-day pause in tariff escalation at the G-20 summit in Argentina last December.
While Beijing’s official GDP figures are seen as one of the crucial indicators of China’s economic health, many outside experts have expressed skepticism about the veracity of the numbers.
Raymond Yeung, chief economist for Greater China at the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group, wrote in a note that China’s GDP numbers are “not an accurate gauge” of its economic growth. Still, he pointed out, the gap between the actual figures and the official targets usually shapes the government’s policy stance.
“Falling producer prices and new export orders point to a slowdown in China’s growth momentum,” Yeung added. “To celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 2019, President Xi (Jinping) will still likely launch growth-supportive policies.”
The mainland Chinese markets, closely watched as a result of the ongoing U.S.-China trade fight, saw gains on the back of the data release. The Shanghai composite rose almost 0.7 percent while the Shenzhen component and Shenzhen composite both advanced nearly 0.8 percent.
Elsewhere in Asia, Japan’s Nikkei 225 gained 0.31 percent in afternoon trade while the Topix index rose 0.65 percent. Shares of automaker Nissan advanced 0.5 percent after details of former CEO Carlos Ghosn’s renewed bail request emerged.
In South Korea, however, the Kospi saw a decline of about 0.16 percent, while Australia’s benchmark ASX 200 rose more than 0.3 percent, with most sectors seeing gains.