Reasons for the rupee’s fall
Global crude oil prices have been on a steady ascent, straining India’s finances. In October, brent crude oil prices breached the $85-per-barrel level for the first time in over four years. There are concerns that the $100-level may not be too far.
So India spends more dollars to pay for its fuel needs, 80% of which is met through imports. This stress is sinking the rupee, while the country’s finances and macro-economy take a beating, in turn dragging down the currency further.
The rupee’s fall is not an isolated phenomenon, though. For instance, the Turkish lira (down over 40% this year) and the Argentine peso (down over 50% this year) have been in a free fall, too.
Besides, the dollar itself has been strengthening, which makes the rupee correspondingly weaker.
A recent report by credit ratings agency Care Ratings underscored the impact of international factors—this includes the brewing US-China trade war—on the rupee’s rout. “It appears that global factors have had a more important role to play for the depreciation of the rupee rather than domestic factors,” Care said in a report in September.
Yet, the domestic front is not devoid of concerns.
The higher import bill has widened India’s current account deficit (CAD), and is expected to widen further.
This has spooked foreign investors who have been steadily pulling out of the market. In September alone, Rs21,000 crore was sucked out, eroding the rupee’s value as the demand for dollar picks up when they withdraw.
The Reserve Bank of India and the government have tried to address some of these concerns.
On Oct. 03, the central bank allowed state-run oil marketing companies to raise cheap loans abroad, to ease the pressure on the Indian currency. Last month, the government announced a slew of measures to boost dollar inflows into India.
But the results are still awaited.