The International Monetary Fund (IMF) warned the recovery of world economy may be fading as the resurgence of the Covid-19 forces fresh restrictions to be imposed on households and companies.
The IMF sounded the alert as leaders of the Group of 20 countries prepare for a virtual summit this weekend, hosted by Saudi Arabia. It noted progress on a vaccine, but also said elevated asset prices point to a disconnect from the real economy and a potential threat to financial stability.
“While global economic activity has picked up since June, there are signs that the recovery may be losing momentum, and the crisis is likely to leave deep, unequal scars,” officials at the Washington-based fund said in a report published Thursday. “Uncertainty and risks are exceptionally high.”
The UK, Germany and France as well as parts of the US and Australia are among those with new curbs on movement and businesses to contain the pandemic. They’re not as stringent as the lockdowns imposed earlier in the year, but are still enough to damage growth.
A Bloomberg Economics index of high-frequency data shows activity contracting since the middle of last month. It previously began a rapid recovery in May that petered out at about 80% of its normal level in July.
“Countries have started to climb back from the depths of the Covid-19 crisis,” IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva said in a blog post. “But the resurgence in infections in many economies shows just how difficult and uncertain this ascent will be.”
The fund urged governments and central banks not to prematurely withdraw policy support. The Federal Reserve and European Central Bank are debating further stimulus as soon as next month even amid mounting confidence that a vaccine for the virus is nearing.
Georgieva said some economies have room for greater fiscal support next year beyond current budgets, and warned against cutting off lifelines such as expanded unemployment benefits. But talks over another stimulus package among US politicians seem to have stalled and some previous measures are set to expire. In Europe, a massive recovery fund is at risk because of disagreements over conditions.
The IMF last month warned that the world economy still faces an uneven recovery until the virus is tamed. At the time, it cut its prediction for the slump this year to 4.4% from the 5.2% drop seen in June, though that would still be the deepest contraction since the 1930s.